Bug 257298 - kernel panic with kern.cam.da.enable_uma_ccbs=1
Summary: kernel panic with kern.cam.da.enable_uma_ccbs=1
Status: New
Alias: None
Product: Base System
Classification: Unclassified
Component: kern (show other bugs)
Version: CURRENT
Hardware: Any Any
: --- Affects Some People
Assignee: freebsd-bugs (Nobody)
Depends on:
Reported: 2021-07-20 15:43 UTC by pr
Modified: 2021-07-21 09:53 UTC (History)
1 user (show)

See Also:


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Description pr 2021-07-20 15:43:17 UTC
despite https://reviews.freebsd.org/D31054 I can still reproduce the same exact bt as reported in the mailing list https://lists.freebsd.org/archives/freebsd-current/2021-June/000267.html

In particular, with a GENERIC kernel I get:
panic: Duplicate free of 0xffffa02039d7a000 from zone 0xffff000166aec000(ada_ccb) slab 0xffffa02039d7afd8(0)          
cpuid = 10                                                                                                            
time = 1626781044                                                                                                     
KDB: stack backtrace:                                                                                                 
db_trace_self() at db_trace_self                                                                                      
db_trace_self_wrapper() at db_trace_self_wrapper+0x30                                                                 
vpanic() at vpanic+0x188                                                                                              
panic() at panic+0x44                                                                                                 
uma_dbg_free() at uma_dbg_free+0x1e4                                                                                  
uma_zfree_arg() at uma_zfree_arg+0x358                                                                                
ahci_end_transaction() at ahci_end_transaction+0x7a4
ahci_ch_intr_main() at ahci_ch_intr_main+0x660
ahci_ch_intr() at ahci_ch_intr+0x5c
ahci_intr() at ahci_intr+0xe4
ithread_loop() at ithread_loop+0x2a8
fork_exit() at fork_exit+0x74
fork_trampoline() at fork_trampoline+0x14
KDB: enter: panic
[ thread pid 12 tid 100137 ]
Stopped at      kdb_enter+0x48: undefined       f904411f

And with a GENERIC-NODEBUG kernel I get:
panic: vm_fault failed: ffff0000007a9b40 error 1
cpuid = 2
time = 1626773972
KDB: stack backtrace:
db_trace_self() at db_trace_self
db_trace_self_wrapper() at db_trace_self_wrapper+0x30
vpanic() at vpanic+0x188
panic() at panic+0x44
data_abort() at data_abort+0x1e0
handle_el1h_sync() at handle_el1h_sync+0x74
--- exception, esr 0x96000044
zone_release() at zone_release+0x224
bucket_drain() at bucket_drain+0xe8
bucket_cache_reclaim_domain() at bucket_cache_reclaim_domain+0x3b0
zone_reclaim() at zone_reclaim+0x194
uma_reclaim_domain() at uma_reclaim_domain+0xbc
vm_pageout_worker() at vm_pageout_worker+0x594
vm_pageout() at vm_pageout+0x1e0
fork_exit() at fork_exit+0x94
fork_trampoline() at fork_trampoline+0x14
KDB: enter: panic
[ thread pid 33 tid 100222 ]
Stopped at      kdb_enter+0x48: undefined       f903c11f

This is with CURRENT as of 439097486ba0453e057c05d548fa306d91c784e5
Author: Jessica Clarke <jrtc27@FreeBSD.org>
Date:   Mon Jul 19 17:19:23 2021 +0100

(This is just where I am now, nothing to do with Jessica commit).

# uname -a
FreeBSD asn 14.0-CURRENT FreeBSD 14.0-CURRENT #0 main-n248066-439097486ba0: Mon Jul 19 21:33:35 CEST 2021     root@asn:/usr/obj/usr/src/arm64.aarch64/sys/GENERIC-NODEBUG  arm64


I have a board that is known to have low signal levels in the SATA subsystem and hits frequent minor troubles with ada disks, such as:
 (ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): READ_FPDMA_QUEUED. ACB: 60 08 c0 ce 36 40 06 00 00 00 00 00
(ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): CAM status: Uncorrectable parity/CRC error
(ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): Retrying command, 3 more tries remain


ahcich1: Timeout on slot 14 port 0
ahcich1: is 00000000 cs 0003c080 ss 0003c080 rs 0003c080 tfd 50 serr 00180000 cmd 0000c017
(ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): WRITE_FPDMA_QUEUED. ACB: 61 20 e8 8f ed 40 08 00 00 00 00 00
(ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): CAM status: Command timeout
(ada0:ahcich1:0:0:0): Retrying command, 3 more tries remain

This is ok, I mean, FreeBSD is solid enough to cope with that and get no data loss at fs level.

While I understand that this is sub optimal, the circumstance reveals the bug which is the object of this report: i.e. the kernel panics with faulty hardware.

Interestingly I can avoid the bug by setting kern.cam.da.enable_uma_ccbs=0

Note that I set .da., not .ada sysctl. I have no da disks in the system, only ada (two).

# sysctl -a | fgrep cbs
kern.cam.da.enable_uma_ccbs: 0
kern.cam.ada.enable_uma_ccbs: 0

I am unable to get a kernel dump with line numbers (RAM >> swap). Is there a workaround for this?

Regarding the bug, I can test further, please suggest the direction.
Comment 1 pr 2021-07-21 09:53:46 UTC
I hit the bug again with kern.cam.ada.enable_uma_ccbs=0

I also find out that my previous post was partially incorrect: I have to set the .ada. version of the sysctl, no the .da. Please forgive me.

So, to summarize, under heavy work (poudriere with 16 builders):
kern.cam.(a)da.enable_uma_ccbs=1 -> kernel panics quickly
kern.cam.(a)da.enable_uma_ccbs=0 -> kernel panics in a few hours

If the kernel is GENERIC (with INVARIANTS) sometimes it hangs at boot/rc, random positions (I assume then the first reset is issued). GENERIC-NODEBUG usually boots ok.