Bug 235060 - [boot] FreeBSD 12.0 Release DVD and CD will not boot on PowerMac G5 Quad
Summary: [boot] FreeBSD 12.0 Release DVD and CD will not boot on PowerMac G5 Quad
Status: New
Alias: None
Product: Base System
Classification: Unclassified
Component: kern (show other bugs)
Version: 12.0-RELEASE
Hardware: powerpc Any
: --- Affects Only Me
Assignee: freebsd-ppc mailing list
Depends on:
Reported: 2019-01-19 14:38 UTC by Curtis Hamilton
Modified: 2019-02-09 21:53 UTC (History)
3 users (show)

See Also:


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Description Curtis Hamilton 2019-01-19 14:38:06 UTC
Attempted to install 12.0 Release on PowerMac G5 Quad using DVD and CD created from iso images ftp'd from freebsd.org.  Both boot into black screen.

I also attempted to build kernel from source and upgrade FBSD 11.1, with similar results.
Comment 1 Dennis Clarke 2019-02-07 18:05:56 UTC
While I do understand the frustration of downloading a "release" DVD
or CD install image and then receiving a less than perfect result
it should be said that the Apple PowerMac G5 Quad ( and similar ) is
an artifact of historical computing machinery interest and not a
current system architecture.  Whereas one may also claim that the IBM
Power architecture is very current and of very significant interest.
This does mean to say that the now ancient IBM RS/6000 Model 7317 is
not to be considered a production class machine. It was based on the
now twenty year old IBM PPC 604e and it is a fascinating system to 
perform experiments with but merely as an artifact. A reasonable and
even modern software system with very modern ZFS implementation would
be nearly impossible to run effectively on such hardware. The more
fascinating IBM PPC 970MP based Apple PowerMac G5 11,2 models are now
well over a decade old and face a similar problem. They are simply not
at all to be considered "production" class or "tier 1" type systems.

A lot of work has happened to keep such machines runnable in various
software projects and they even provide interesting data regarding low
level compiler functions but extensive testing simply is not possible
for any variation of "production" or "tier 1" level functions. Myself
and Justin Hibbits and others have done fairly extensive testing of
the FreeBSD release candidate DVD images and found that some minor
adjustments to the boot loader stage are required in order to get a
reasonable installation to work. For an example please see : 


At this time there should be a warning on the FreeBSD PPC project page
which illustrates that systems such as the Apple PowerMac G5 and even
older IBM RS/6000 units may not work as expected. A more modern class
of system such as the IBM POWER9 based Talos would be expected to work
as a very reasonable day to day unit and yet it is still "tier 2". 

Dennis Clarke
UNIX and Linux spoken
GreyBeard and suspenders optional
Comment 2 Dennis Clarke 2019-02-08 22:23:46 UTC
Actually .. these things may happen as r343862 iso dvd is not
bootable at all on that hardware.
Comment 3 Dennis Clarke 2019-02-09 08:28:20 UTC
I have done a test and neatly installed 12.0-RELEASE r341666 GENERIC
on a PowerMac G5 quad 11,2 thus :

hydra# uptime
 8:26AM  up 7 mins, 1 user, load averages: 0.19, 0.23, 0.16

hydra# sysctl hw.ncpu
hw.ncpu: 4

hydra# dmesg 
Copyright (c) 1992-2018 The FreeBSD Project.
Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
        The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE r341666 GENERIC powerpc
gcc version 4.2.1 20070831 patched [FreeBSD]
VT(ofwfb): resolution 1280x1024
cpu0: IBM PowerPC 970MP revision 1.1, 2500.34 MHz
cpu0: Features dc000000<PPC32,PPC64,ALTIVEC,FPU,MMU>
real memory  = 8542404608 (8146 MB)
avail memory = 8152752128 (7775 MB)
FreeBSD/SMP: Multiprocessor System Detected: 4 CPUs
random: unblocking device.
random: entropy device external interface
kbd0 at kbdmux0
ofwbus0: <Open Firmware Device Tree> on nexus0
cpulist0: <Open Firmware CPU Group> on ofwbus0
cpu0: <Open Firmware CPU> on cpulist0
pcr0: <PPC 970 Power Control Register> on cpu0
cpu1: <Open Firmware CPU> on cpulist0
pcr1: <PPC 970 Power Control Register> on cpu1
cpu2: <Open Firmware CPU> on cpulist0
pcr2: <PPC 970 Power Control Register> on cpu2
cpu3: <Open Firmware CPU> on cpulist0
pcr3: <PPC 970 Power Control Register> on cpu3
powermac_nvram0: <Apple NVRAM> mem 0xfff04000-0xfff07fff on ofwbus0
powermac_nvram0: bank0 generation 460, bank1 generation 461
unin0: <Apple UniNorth System Controller> mem 0xf8000000-0xf8ffffff on ofwbus0
unin0: Version 66
iichb0: <Keywest I2C controller> mem 0xf8001000-0xf8001fff irq 0 on unin0
iicbus0: <OFW I2C bus> on iichb0
iic0: <I2C generic I/O> on iicbus0
ds17750: <Temp-Monitor DS1775> at addr 0x94 on iicbus0
ds16310: <Temp-Monitor DS1631> at addr 0x96 on iicbus0
max66900: <Temp-Monitor MAX6690> at addr 0x98 on iicbus0
max66901: <Temp-Monitor MAX6690> at addr 0x9c on iicbus0
htpic0: <OpenPIC Interrupt Controller> mem 0xf8040000-0xf807ffff on unin0
pcib0: <IBM CPC945 PCI Express Root> mem 0xf0000000-0xf1ffffff on ofwbus0
pci0: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib0
vgapci0: <VGA-compatible display> mem 0xa1000000-0xa1ffffff,0x90000000-0x9fffffff,0xa0000000-0xa0ffffff irq 3 at device 0.0 on pci0
vgapci0: Boot video device
pcib1: <IBM CPC9X5 HyperTransport Tunnel> mem 0xf2000000-0xf47fffff,0xf8070000-0xf8070fff on ofwbus0
pcib1: 86 HT IRQs on device 7.0
pci1: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib1
pcib1: Enabling MSI window for HyperTransport slave at pci1:0:1:0
pcib2: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 1.0 on pci1
pci2: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib2
pcib3: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 2.0 on pci1
pci3: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib3
bge0: <Broadcom BCM5714 B3, ASIC rev. 0x008003> mem 0xfa530000-0xfa53ffff,0xfa520000-0xfa52ffff irq 66 at device 4.0 on pci3
bge0: CHIP ID 0x00008003; ASIC REV 0x08; CHIP REV 0x80; PCI-X 33 MHz
miibus0: <MII bus> on bge0
brgphy0: <BCM5780 1000BASE-T media interface> PHY 1 on miibus0
brgphy0:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, 1000baseT, 1000baseT-master, 1000baseT-FDX, 1000baseT-FDX-master, auto, auto-flow
bge0: Ethernet address: 00:14:51:64:67:10
bge1: <Broadcom BCM5714 B3, ASIC rev. 0x008003> mem 0xfa510000-0xfa51ffff,0xfa500000-0xfa50ffff irq 67 at device 4.1 on pci3
bge1: CHIP ID 0x00008003; ASIC REV 0x08; CHIP REV 0x80; PCI-X 33 MHz
miibus1: <MII bus> on bge1
brgphy1: <BCM5780 1000BASE-T media interface> PHY 1 on miibus1
brgphy1:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, 1000baseT, 1000baseT-master, 1000baseT-FDX, 1000baseT-FDX-master, auto, auto-flow
bge1: Ethernet address: 00:14:51:64:67:11
pcib4: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 3.0 on pci1
pci4: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib4
pcib5: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 4.0 on pci1
pci5: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib5
pcib6: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 5.0 on pci1
pci6: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib6
pcib7: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 6.0 on pci1
pci7: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib7
pcib8: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 7.0 on pci1
pci8: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib8
gem0: <Apple Shasta GMAC Ethernet> mem 0xfa200000-0xfa3fffff at device 15.0 on pci8
gem0: invalid MAC address
device_attach: gem0 attach returned 6
pcib9: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 8.0 on pci1
pci9: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib9
macio0: <Shasta I/O Controller> mem 0x80000000-0x8007ffff at device 7.0 on pci9
macgpio0: <MacIO GPIO Controller> mem 0x50-0x8a on macio0
scc0: <Zilog Z8530 dual channel SCC> mem 0x13000-0x13fff,0x8400-0x84ff,0x8500-0x85ff,0x8600-0x86ff,0x8700-0x87ff irq 23,17,18,24,19,20 on macio0
uart0: <z8530, channel A> on scc0
uart1: <z8530, channel B> on scc0
iichb1: <Keywest I2C controller> mem 0x18000-0x18fff irq 27 on macio0
iicbus1: <OFW I2C bus> on iichb1
iic1: <I2C generic I/O> on iicbus1
onyx0: <Texas Instruments PCM3052 Audio Codec> at addr 0x8c on iicbus1
iicbus1: <unknown card> at addr 0x24
pcm0: <Apple I2S Audio Controller> mem 0x10000-0x10fff,0x8000-0x80ff,0x8100-0x81ff irq 28,11,12,30,15,16 on macio0
ohci0: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> mem 0x80082000-0x80082fff irq 70 at device 11.0 on pci9
usbus0 on ohci0
ohci1: <NEC uPD 9210 USB controller> mem 0x80081000-0x80081fff irq 70 at device 11.1 on pci9
usbus1 on ohci1
ehci0: <NEC uPD 72010x USB 2.0 controller> mem 0x80080000-0x800800ff irq 70 at device 11.2 on pci9
usbus2: EHCI version 1.0
usbus2 on ehci0
pcib10: <OFW PCI-PCI bridge> at device 9.0 on pci1
pci10: <OFW PCI bus> on pcib10
atapci0: <ServerWorks K2 SATA150 controller> mem 0xfa402000-0xfa403fff irq 10 at device 12.0 on pci10
pcib1: failed to reserve resource for pcib10
atapci0: 0x10 bytes of rid 0x20 res 4 failed (0, 0xffffffffffffffff).
ata2: <ATA channel> at channel 0 on atapci0
ata3: <ATA channel> at channel 1 on atapci0
ata4: <ATA channel> at channel 2 on atapci0
ata5: <ATA channel> at channel 3 on atapci0
ata0: <Shasta Kauai ATA Controller> mem 0xfa404000-0xfa407fff irq 38,37 at device 13.0 on pci10
fwohci0: <1394 Open Host Controller Interface> mem 0xfa400000-0xfa400fff irq 39 at device 14.0 on pci10
fwohci0: OHCI version 1.0 (ROM=0)
fwohci0: No. of Isochronous channels is 8.
fwohci0: EUI64 00:11:24:ff:fe:e5:13:d0
fwohci0: invalid speed 7 (fixed to 3).
fwohci0: Phy 1394a available S800, 3 ports.
fwohci0: Link S800, max_rec 4096 bytes.
firewire0: <IEEE1394(FireWire) bus> on fwohci0
fwe0: <Ethernet over FireWire> on firewire0
if_fwe0: Fake Ethernet address: 02:11:24:e5:13:d0
fwe0: Ethernet address: 02:11:24:e5:13:d0
sbp0: <SBP-2/SCSI over FireWire> on firewire0
fwohci0: Initiate bus reset
fwohci0: fwohci_intr_core: BUS reset
fwohci0: PhysicalUpperBound register is not implemented.  Physical memory access is limited to the first 4GB
fwohci0: PhysicalUpperBound = 0x00000000
fwohci0: fwohci_intr_core: node_id=0x00000001, SelfID Count=1, CYCLEMASTER mode
smu0: <Apple System Management Unit> on ofwbus0
smu0: registered as a time-of-day clock, resolution 0.001000s
iichb2: <SMU I2C controller> on smu0
iicbus2: <OFW I2C bus> on iichb2
iic2: <I2C generic I/O> on iicbus2
smusat0: <SMU Satellite Sensors> at addr 0xb0 on iicbus2
smusat1: <SMU Satellite Sensors> at addr 0xb2 on iicbus2
iicbus2: <unknown card> at addr 0xd4
iichb3: <SMU I2C controller> on smu0
iicbus3: <OFW I2C bus> on iichb3
iic3: <I2C generic I/O> on iicbus3
Timecounter "timebase" frequency 33333333 Hz quality 0
Event timer "decrementer" frequency 33333333 Hz quality 1000
Timecounters tick every 1.000 msec
firewire0: 2 nodes, maxhop <= 1 cable IRM irm(1)  (me) 
firewire0: bus manager 1 
bge0: link state changed to UP
max66900: 2 sensors detected.
usbus0: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
usbus1: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
max66901: 2 sensors detected.
ugen1.1: <NEC OHCI root HUB> at usbus1
uhub0: <NEC OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus1
ugen0.1: <NEC OHCI root HUB> at usbus0
uhub1: <NEC OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus0
usbus2: 480Mbps High Speed USB v2.0
ugen2.1: <NEC EHCI root HUB> at usbus2
uhub2: <NEC EHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 2.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus2
uhub0: 2 ports with 2 removable, self powered
uhub1: 3 ports with 3 removable, self powered
uhub2: 5 ports with 5 removable, self powered
ada0 at ata2 bus 0 scbus0 target 0 lun 0
ada0: <ST380013AS 3.00> ATA-6 SATA 1.x device
ada0: Serial Number 4MR3C8TG
ada0: 150.000MB/s transfers (SATA 1.x, UDMA5, PIO 8192bytes)
ada0: 76319MB (156301488 512 byte sectors)
SMP: AP CPU #1 launched
SMP: AP CPU #3 launched
SMP: AP CPU #2 launched
Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ada0s3 [rw]...
cd0 at ata0 bus 0 scbus4 target 0 lun 0
cd0: <HL-DT-ST DVD-RW GWA-4165B C006> Removable CD-ROM SCSI device
cd0: Serial Number M0063NE3358
cd0: 66.700MB/s transfers (UDMA4, ATAPI 12bytes, PIO 65534bytes)
cd0: 4482MB (2295104 2048 byte sectors)
ugen2.2: <Western Digital My Passport 0748> at usbus2
umass0 on uhub2
umass0: <MSC Bulk-Only Transport> on usbus2
umass0:  SCSI over Bulk-Only; quirks = 0x4000
umass0:6:0: Attached to scbus6
da0 at umass-sim0 bus 0 scbus6 target 0 lun 0
da0: <WD My Passport 0748 1010> Fixed Direct Access SPC-4 SCSI device
da0: Serial Number 575857314342313333363530
da0: 40.000MB/s transfers
da0: 1907697MB (3906963456 512 byte sectors)
da0: quirks=0x2<NO_6_BYTE>
ugen1.2: <Lite-On Technology Corp. USB Multimedia Keyboard> at usbus1
ukbd0 on uhub0
ukbd0: <Lite-On Technology Corp. USB Multimedia Keyboard, class 0/0, rev 1.10/1.04, addr 2> on usbus1
kbd1 at ukbd0
uhid0 on uhub0
uhid0: <Lite-On Technology Corp. USB Multimedia Keyboard, class 0/0, rev 1.10/1.04, addr 2> on usbus1
lo0: link state changed to UP
bge0: link state changed to DOWN
bge0: link state changed to UP
module_register: cannot register gem/miibus from if_gem.ko; already loaded from kernel
Module gem/miibus failed to register: 17
module_register: cannot register pci/gem from if_gem.ko; already loaded from kernel
Module pci/gem failed to register: 17

I have tested with usefdt=1 and I see a kernel panic.
Given that I had to capture the panic data from usefdt with
a camera I will doucment that tomorrow. 

Dennis Clarke
UNIX and Linux spoken
GreyBeard and suspenders optional
Comment 4 Dennis Clarke 2019-02-09 18:26:28 UTC
I think we could re-release another dvd install image with
a loader.conf config that sets kern.smp.disabled=1 as a manner to 
deal with troublesome install hardware.
Comment 5 Curtis Hamilton 2019-02-09 19:26:10 UTC
Maybe it just the system I'm using, but setting kern.smp.disabled=1 does not work at all.   This applies the 12-RELEASE r341666 ISO or any earlier candidate releases.  

Through trial and error, I've only been able to get snapshot head r341614 (13-CURRENT) to boot, as previously noted by Mark Millard.

Any ideas?
Comment 6 Mark Millard 2019-02-09 19:48:33 UTC
(In reply to Curtis Hamilton from comment #5)

You might want to report how much RAM for the system showing the
problem. I'm not aware of anything else likely to contribute to
variations for the G5 4-core (system total). I'd reported in list
messages for 16 GiBytes and 12 GiBytes when requested. Also for a
2-processor (one core each): 8 GiBytes.

Almost all my activity has been with the 16 GiByte case.
Comment 7 Curtis Hamilton 2019-02-09 21:53:02 UTC
(In reply to Mark Millard from comment #6)
The system I'm using has 16 GiBytes RAM.